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Mangroves in Focus 2nd Edition

This product is proudly Australian Made

ISBN : 978-1-86283-150-6

Published Date : 17 November 2004

Product Code : F 13P

Format : Free PDF for download

by Dave Claridge, John Burnett and Bob Moffatt 

Wet Paper pdf file licence conditions

By downloading this file your school agrees to the following conditions.

  • The publisher and author/s of this pdf file grants to the school a revocable, non-exclusive, non-transferable right and licence to use the content, exercises, lab and field work lesson notes within the school for educational purposes only.
  • The title to, and intellectual property in these online resources rests with the publisher's author, illustrators, photographers and design consultants and nothing in the agreement should be construed as transferring those rights to the school.


Sample pages

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Syllabus Match

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Teachers Information


Except as permitted by the Copyright Act 1968 (Cth), you may not reproduce any of the contents of this publication, without the written permission of the copyright owner. 

Educational exemption

  • There are exemptions under the Act that allow educational and government use of text, images and music scores  for educational purposes.

  • These exemptions are in Part VB of the Copyright Act 1968 (Cth),  where you are entitled to reproduce or communicate 10% of the words or one chapter from this file for educational use within your school. If you wish to reproduce or communicate MORE than 10% contact  the copyright owner. 

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A 160 page information and project book updated for the 2013 Queensland Marine Science Sylabus 

Excellent projects for Marine Science Syllabus EMI's 

Innovative and engaging lab exercises 


Chapter 1 Classification and biodiversity

Classification systems


Variety and abundance of life

Lab exercise 1.1 Mangrove microbes

Lab exercise 1.2 Scat analysis

Project 1.1 Fish and mangroves

Project 1.2 Organisms that live in the mud

Project 1.3 Mangroves and plankton

Project 1.4 Mangrove identification

Project 1.5 Crab study

Project 1.6 Design a key

Chapter 2 Anatomy, physiology and adaptation

Anatomy and physiology



Lab exercise 2.1 Mangrove leaf sections

Lab exercise 2.2 Mangrove leaf epidermis

Lab exercise 2.3 Salt secretion

Lab exercise 2.4  Pneumatophore morphology

Lab exercise 2.5 Salt levels in leaves

Project 2.1 Seedlings and salinity

Project 2.2 Fruit germinating and salinity

Project 2.3 Leaf angles

Project 2.4 Width and length ratios

Project 2.5 Salt excretion rates

Chapter 3 Ecology and succession

Ecological succession

Field trip:  Mangrove adaptations and relationships

Lab exercise 3.1 Mud salinity

Lab exercise 3.2 Organic component of the mud

Lab exercise 3.3 Mud porosity and dissolved oxygen

Project 3.1 Mangrove productivity

Project 3.2 Ecological succession

Project 3.3  Investigating attaching organisms

Project 3.4 Mangrove leaf decomposition rates

Project 3.5 Mud saturation

Project 3.6 Pneumatophore distribution

Project 3.7 Leaf fall and biomass

Project 3.8 Mangrove snail and crab populations

Chapter 4 Conservation and sustainability

Economic value of mangroves

Threats to mangroves

Management issues

Lab exercise 4.1 Water quality and mangroves

Lab exercise 4.2 Growing mangroves

Lab exercise 4.3 Make your own insect repellent

Project 4.1 Marina development

Project 4.2 Effects of canals

Project 4.3  Organise a conservation role play

Project 4.4  Maine paints and marine organisms

Project 4.5  Attitudes and feelings poll

Appendix 1 Species descriptions

Acanthus  ilicifolius

Aegialitis  annulata

Aegiceras corniculatum

Avicennia marina

Bruguiera gymnorrhiza

Ceriops tagal

Cynometra iripa

Camptostemon schultzii

Excoecaria agallocha

Heritiera littoralis

Hibiscus tiliaceus

Lumnitzera  racemosa

Nypa  fruticans

Osbornia  octodonta

Pemphis acidula

Rhizophora stylosa

Scyphiphora hydrophylacea

Sonneratia alba

Xylocarpus mekongensis

Acrostichum  speciosum

Allocasuarina  glauca

Amyema cambagei

Amyema  mackayense

Drynaria rigidula

Derris  trifoliata

Enchylaena tomentosa

Microsorium punctatum

Pallandsia  usniodea

Ramalina species

Suaeda arbusculoides

Suaeda australis

Sarcocornia quinqueflora

Sesuvium portulacastrum

Sporobolus virginicus

Thespesia  populnea

Appendix 2


Bibliography (1992)

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