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1. Name four types of fishing tackle.
Ans. Hooks, bait, lines, swivels and sinkers
2 What's the difference between a sidecast and an spinning reel?
Ans. On a side cast the line comes off the side of the spool. In a spinningreel, the line comes off the side of the spool so these reels are easy tocast without tangles or backlashes.
3. What could cause a severe tangle in a handline?
Ans. Dropping the handline.
4. What is the biggest problem with a sidecast reel?
Ans. The biggest problem of the sidecast reel is line twist and you mustuse a small swivel above any terminal tackle.
5. What is the relationship between a hook and its bait?
Ans. The bait is put on the hook.
6. What are the main parts of a spinning reel?
Ans. Reel foot, handle, rear drag, gear box, rotor, spool, bail, reelstem.
7. Name the main parts of a rod.
Ans. Foregrip, winch fitting, rear grip, butt cap, runners binding
8. What is the most valuable part of our Australian fishery?
Ans. Approximately three-quarters of the money value of our fishing exportsis earned by the sale of crayfish, rock lobsters, oysters, prawns and abalone.
9. What are longlines and how are they used?
Ans. Longlining uses a buoy, a glass float and a series of hooks linkedtogether or ganged (See Figure 56.3). Open-water longlining is used to catchtuna, sharks and marlin. In international waters, the line can be many kilometreslong, with hundreds of hooks. The ship steams up and down the length ofthe line, removing the fish and rebaiting the hooks.
10. How are fish caught on a drop line?
Ans. Drop lines are used like longlines and are set from a fishing vessellike that shown in Figure 56.4. These lines are strung between the surfaceand the bottom so they work vertically rather than horizontally (Figure57.1). After a time, the fishing vessel returns to the buoys and hauls inthe catch.
11. What is involved in trap fishing?
Ans. Many commercial fishers use traps or pots like that shown in Figure56.2. These can be the small pots used for catching crayfish or southernrock lobster, or the much larger traps used for trapping leatherjacketsor yellowtail kingfish.
12. How does a beach seine work?
Ans. A vehicle or group of people take the net along a beach until aschool of fish is spotted. The net is then run around the fish by a smallboat or canoe and pulled onto the beach (Figure 57.3).
13. How are prawns caught?
Ans. Prawns are caught by dragging a net and chain along the bottom ofthe sea
13. What are ghost nets and why are they dangerous?
Ans. Broken off nets that drift in the sea. They entangle whales anddolphins.
14. What is the difference between a bag limit and a closed season?
Ans. A bag limit is a minimum number of fish that can be caught in aday. A closed season is where an area is completely out of bounds for fishingfor a set time, for example six months.
15. What regulations govern how mud crabs are caught?
Ans. Gender and carapace size. For example only males whose carapaceis over a certain size can be taken.
Answers to questions on Lures
1. Lures are artificial baits.
2. Wet and dry flies are the two types.
· Wet flies are designed to sink
· Dry flies are designed to float
3. Flies can be used in salt water to catch flathead, tailor, mackereland even billfish.
4. Spinners turn through 360o in the water and spoons do not turn.
5. Poppers are floating lures and attract fish by splashing at the surface.These lures can be used to catch tailor, trevally, coral trout and mackereletc . . .
6. These hollow lures contain metal balls which make a rattling soundto attract fish.
7. The soft plastics are soft and chewy and fish will attack the lurea number of times
Diving deeper - some suggested answers
1. Visit a prawn trawler or local fishing vessel and ask the skipperto give a short talk on how the boat works. Take a small gift to show yourthanks.
You will need to find a parent of friend who has a professional operationor works at the fish marketing board. Professional fishers work long andvaried hours and often don't like to be woken up at 10 am when they havebeen fishing all night.
2. Visit a fish market and see what types of fish are available for sale.Write a short report.
Make an appointment and go for a visit. Design a worksheet before yougo so that you can get some facts on the fish market.
3. Invite a local fishing club representative to your school and learnhow to make your own fishing rod.
Ans. Often tackel shop owners will come to school to show you how tomake a fishing rod. They will of course expect you to pay for the materialsbut it is a lot of fun making your own rod. You can also get an insightinto the attitudes and values of different community members.
4. Ask your industrial arts section to help you design and constructyour own fishing lures.
Some schools with manual or industrial arts teachers have great experiencein making lures. See if you can integrate your unit with these classes toaccess the equipment. You will also learn to work as a team and under differentteacher.
5. Join a fishing club.
Your local authority or service clubs can help you find these. Watchyour local free paper for events and make contact. The best way to learnfishing is from a friend who can fish. Don't try to teach your self andyou can save a lot of time a frustration by learning from others in theknow.
6. Watch fishing programs on television for extra tips on fishing.
Recreational fishing and boating programs are popular on the weekendsin the afternoon. Many give surf and fishing reports. Some video shops havefishing videos or try your library in the recreation section.
1. urban people
4. 4. line, hook, sinker, bait
5. rod and reel
8. sorting tray
9. fisheries management authority
11. drinking and driving