back to index ofchapters
1. What is the second greatest killer in our country?
2. What percentage of people drowned while swimming paddling or wadingin 1995?
Ans: 21 per cent
3. Why should rules such as no running, no bombs and no ducking be partof swimming pool rules?
Ans: So you don't slip over and bash injure yourself. E.g. Slipping besidea pool can often lead to broken bones or badly bruised muscles.
4. What are the differences between the three different types of PFD?
Ans: They are designed for different areas and under different conditions.E.g. PFD 3 is used for water skiing.
5. How are marine radios used in safety situations?
Ans: To send urgency messages such as Mayday. They are also used to obtainweather forecasts.
6. What are flares used for?
Ans. To attract attention at sea. Someone who sees a flare should reportit and then go to the place where the flare was set off to give assistance.
7. Why do sailors use special lines at night?
Ans. So they don't fall overboard.
8. Why should you not ride your body board or surfboard in floods?
Ans. So you don't get washed down into stormwater drains
1. Visit the ANZSBEG.org.au web site and learn about the Junior MarinersProgram.
This page is being developed for Junior Mariners program in Australiaand New Zealand.
Your local state contacts are:
New South Wales
2. Find out where you can do a boating or sailing course.
The Australian and New Zealand Yachting Federation have courses. Alsothere are voluntary coast guard courses as well as TAFE's Schools and Colleges.
3. Visit a marine retail shop and make a list of all safety equipmentnecessary to take a small boat out to sea in your area. Are there differenttypes of safety equipment required for different vessels?
Some things in the list could include:- anchors, flares, signalling mirror,radio or life jackets. Why not collect a brochure from the marine retailingshop and make up a scrap book for your project.
4. Make up a list of safety rules for a home swimming pool.
Some could include: No bomb diving, no running, don't pee in my pool.Make a copy of the chart in Chapter 3 and laminate it for beside the pool.
5. Learn to tie some knots used by mariners, such as the bowline.
Go to your library and get out the Wet Paper book on Mariners Skillsor Marine Studies. Locate the how to tie knots section and learn to tiethe round turn and two half hitches, sheet bend and bowline. Get other booksout on knots and have a go at learning to tie more complicated knots.
6. Visit a shop that sells sailboards. What safety equipment is necessaryfor this sport?
Some safety equipment you may see is an arm rope, life jacket or helmet.
7. What is a dan buoy and how is used in sailing?
A dan buoy is a life ring tied to a pole with a coloured flag. Its foundat the rear of a vessel and is thrown overboard when a mariner goes overboard.A good description of how its used can be found in the Senior Wet Paperbook Marine Studies
8. What is a heliograph and how is it used as a safety device?
A signalling device using the sun and a mirror. See the Wet Paper Publication,Marine Studies for Senior Students , page 84, Figure 42.
9. What types of fire extinguishers are used to fight different typesof fires?
A good place to find the answers to these is in our Marine Studies forSenior Students Chapter 3. Why not copy the table in Figure 36
10. Research the different types of flares used by mariners at sea. Describeeach one and how they work.
Go to the marine retail shop and ask for a brochure on flares or findsomeone with a boat.
11. Research what an RFD is, what it contains and how it is used .
A TAFE or marine centre will have a demonstration RFD. Its the whiteround container in Figure 10.3. Alternatively go and see a skipper of alocal charter vessel and get him to tell you want one contains and how itis used.
12. Find out the international regulations for prevention of collisionsat sea.
The answers to these can be found in Marine Studies for Senior Studentsin Chapter 3. They are basically the rules of the road at sea.
13. What types of signals are used by a water skier?
See Chapter 3 Marine Studies for Senior Students by Wet Paper
14. Make a collection of boating safety pamphlets and report on how theyare used to improve water safety.
Your boating patrol or water police will have them.
15. Find out about how to get out of a car accidentally driven into deepwater.
The Royal Life Saving Society has a good booklet on safe swimming andlife saving. Chapter 1 has your answer. Most Physical Education School Departmentswill have a copy.
This information is also published for students on the Internet site:
6. personal floatation devices
9. international rules
10. elements of ship board safety